An IUD is a small device made from copper or plastic which prevents a fertilized egg from developing in the uterus. The IUD is inserted into the uterus by a physician, generally during the menstrual period when the cervix is softer. Once the IUD is in place, it can remain there for several years, depending on the individual and the type of IUD. We offer copper IUDs (Paragaurd) as well as hormonal IUDs (Mirena).
The IUD is more than 95% effective in preventing pregnancy. To be effective, the position of the IUD must be checked by the woman after each menstrual period by attempting to touch the string attached to it. This is because in certain instances, the IUD may slip from its proper place. If the string can not be located, the IUD may have shifted, and a physician must be consulted. Women who have uterine, fallopian, ovarian, cervical or vaginal irregularities may not use an IUD.
In some cases, the IUD may present certain problems. Insertion can cause painful menstrual cramps, and women with an IUD may experience more severe menstrual cramps, and longer and heavier periods.
Women with an IUD may be more prone to certain infections.
IUD users may occasionally become pregnant because the IUD has shifted from its proper location. If a woman with an IUD experiences symptoms of pregnancy such as enlarged breasts, missed periods or nausea, or symptoms of infections such as fever or unusual vaginal discharge her physician must be notified immediately.